Posted on 二月 17, 2015 in 研究 by 廖泫銘No Comments »

小林茂、森野友介、角野宏、多田隈健一、小嶋梓、波江彰彦(2014) 台湾桃園台地における灌漑水利の展開と土地利用の変動—GISを援用した分析—, E-journal GEO Vol. 9 (2014) No. 2 p. 172-193。

DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.4157/ejgeo.9.172

摘要:

本文主要是利用百年以來的各時期地圖及統計資料,來分析興建桃園大圳對於桃園台地的土地利用型態轉變影像,研究是以桃園市觀音鄉為研究區,透過歷史地圖以GIS數化出各時期水利埤塘的面積,進而比較歷史農業統計資料所顯示灌溉範圍內水田稻作生產產量之間相互關係。

It is well known that the Taoyuan Irrigation Aqueduct and its attached reservoirs, which were developed in the Taoyuan tableland in northwestern Taiwan during the colonial period, improved its water and land use markedly. In this paper, the authors trace the process of this remarkable change in Guanyin Township by referring to materials published during the colonial period in addition to more recent statistics and topographic maps and obtained the following results.

Before the development of the irrigation facilities, paddy fields increased gradually in Guanyin Township. After the completion of the Taoyuan Irrigation Aqueduct in 1924, not only paddy fields but also cropping ratios increased considerably. Double cropping of rice was achieved in most paddy fields. The increase in yield per land unit began somewhat later because the quality of newly irrigated paddy fields was still poor at this stage. In spite of a lack of statistical data during the 1940s, it is clear that a rapid increase in rice production occurred before the beginning of the 1950s. Rotational irrigation introduced in the mid1950s also contributed to improve productivity during the 1960s. However, the cropping ratio of rice declined rapidly after an acreage reduction policy was carried out in 1984 to cope with the decrease in rice consumption. In the beginning of the 2000s, massive diversions of agricultural water to domestic and industrial use were enforced by the national government due to deficits in rain-fall.

Posted on 二月 6, 2015 in 新聞報導, 活動 by 廖泫銘No Comments »

海佃國小「小台江」、社大台冮分校、海尾朝皇宮與台南市政府合力推動的台江山海圳綠道,規劃出一條的彰雲嘉南水圳遊學路線,一路沿著嘉南大圳,走讀濁水溪、北港溪、曾文溪,踏尋彰雲嘉南平原上的水圳之路。

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