Contact: Mark Elvin
Data: Josephine Fox
Project design, analysis, and programs: Mark Elvin
Website design and realization:
Tzai-Hung Wen
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Related Links
The coverage of our general topic on the internet falls into the usual two familiar categories: the reproduction of some scholarly articles in a freely accessible form, and bibliographic leads (including reviews and publicity) to books and other articles that require purchasing either in online or printed form. Though promising accessible demographic databases have been planned with material relating to the population dynamics of late-imperial China (for example, ), we are not aware of any that can currently be utilized in the way that ours is intended to be. Our present project has been confined to exploring the technical means of analyzing a hitherto unused type of source material. It has not included making a systematic evaluative survey of the related pre-existing scholarly work touching on mid-Qing demography, which would be a valuable but different type of enterprise. We have also tried to set current controversies to one side for the time being, in order to avoid as far as possible being influenced by them in our analyses and reconstructions.

The short list of sites that follows is limited to a sample of immediately or relatively easily accessible items that may be of some interest in the context of the work we have undertaken here. We would welcome the suggestion of additions, but reserve the right to add only those that seem both closely relevant and of good quality. 

Note: '*' indicates a full text that is freely available, though sometimes without all its tables or figures. The others are summaries, or sample pages, often with facilities for paid access.

"Revising the Malthusian Narrative: the Comparative Study of Population Dynamics in Late Imperial China" by William Lavely and R. Bin Wong. *
"Malthusian Models and Chinese Realities: The Chinese Demographic System 1700-2000" by James Lee and Wang Feng.
Population and Development Review 25.1 pp. 33 - 65 (March 1999)

 "Household context and the timing of first marriage in Eurasian comparative perspective" by Cameron Campbell, George Alter, Renzo Derosas.*

"Marital Fertility Control among the Qing Nobility: Implications for Two Types of Preventive Check" by Wang Feng, James Lee, Cameron Campbell. Population Studies, Vol. 49, No. 3 (Nov., 1995), pp. 383-400 in JSTOR.
"Birthspacing and early stopping behavior in Xiaoshan County, Zhejiang Province, China" by Darryl J Holman, Han Hua, and Stevan Harrell.*
"Deliberate Fertility Control in Late Imperial China: Spacing and Stopping in the Qing Imperial Lineage" by Cameron D. Campbell and James Z. Lee.*

Population Index Volume 62 - Number 2 - Summer 1996
"Family and population in China from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century in the light of a recent study" by Liu Ts'ui-Jung. [Famille et population en Chine du XVIe au XVIIIe siècle à la lumière d'un ouvrage récent de Liu Ts'ui-Jung.] by  Michel Cartier.
Annales de Démographie Historique, 1995. 149-59 pp. Paris, France. In French with summary in English. "Using data from a recent study on lineage population and socioeconomic change in China, the author attempts to reconstruct some demographic trends from the sixteenth century onward. The data involve a large sample of 260,000 individuals born between the thirteenth and nineteenth centuries. He concludes that there was a major deterioration in mortality from the middle of the eighteenth century, which was associated with an increase in widowhood and a decline in fertility."
Population Index Volume 63 - Number 4 - Winter 1997
"Long-term mortality patterns in Chinese history: evidence from a recorded clan population" by Zhongwei Zhao.
Population Studies, Vol. 51, No. 2, Jul 1997. 117-27 pp. London, England. "This study, by analysing a set of Chinese genealogies, examines long-term mortality patterns in a selected clan population over a period of more than 1,000 years. The result shows that, in this selected population, mortality fluctuated around a relatively high level and showed no secular change over the very long period studied. The study also provides a comparison between the mortality patterns found in the selected population and those observed in a much larger Chinese lineage population, as well as those recorded among the British elites born between the sixteenth and the early nineteenth century. Based on the findings of this research, the paper presents some tentative suggestions about long-term mortality changes in Chinese history."
"Infant and Child Mortality among the Qing Nobility: Implications for Two Types of Positive Check" by James Lee, Wang Feng, and Cameron Campbell.
Population Studies, Vol. 48, No. 3 (Nov., 1994), pp. 395-411 in JSTOR.

 "Chinese Genealogies as a Source for Demographic Research: A Further Assessment of Their Reliability and Biases" by Zhongwei Zhao. Population Studies, Vol. 55, No. 2 (Jul., 2001), pp.181-193 in JSTOR.

The broader context
 "Fact or Fiction? Re-examination of Chinese Premodern Population Statistics" by Kent G. Deng.*

Last updated on 20th March, 2007